Population of Kyrgyzstan
There are nearly 6 million residents in Kyrgyzstan. 34.1% of the town population live in Bishkek, with the remaining rural and nomadian shepherds. The rest live in Bishkek. While Kyrgyz is the largest ethnic group, over 80 ethnic groups, including Uzbeks, Russians, Dungans, Uyghurs, Tatars and even Germans, have been presented in Kyrgyzstan.
There are already semi-nomadic populations that live half a year in the valleys, moving up to their summer pastures (jailoo). Since the population of Kyrgyzstan is two thirds agricultural, agriculture depends on economy.
Kyrgyzes, who make up about 70% of the population, are the main ethnic group. The second biggest group in the world are Uzbeks, who account for around 15 per cent of the population. With nearly 800,000 Uzbek inhabitants, Osh accounts for about half and Arslanbob is about 95%. If available, students can attend Russian, Kyrgyz or Uzbek language schools.
Russian population is now about 5%, but in Soviet times it was a much bigger part of the population of Kyrgyzstan. In the northern part of the world, Russian populations have consolidated, particularly in and around Chuy province. Russians were once significant players in the Soviet republic’s politics and economy and Russo was Capitol’s and government’s tongue. Many of the Russians migrated to Russia after independence in 1991, and Kyrgyz became the main nationality of Bishkek and the entire region.
In Kyrgyzstan, there are over 80 ethnic groups, including Dungans, Uyghurs, Tajiks, Kazakhs, Ukrainians and many of the German and Kurdish villages. Restaurants in Dungan and Uyghura can be found around the region, in particular around Issy-Kul, whereas in the southern part of Kyrgyzstan Tajiks are typically more populated farmers. Since many people left for freedom, the number of other ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan has declined.
After independence, Kyrgyzstan population is so mixed, race has become a big problem in Kyrgyzstan. Racial differences have made policy and development more complex, even as leaders have sought to incorporate everyone into government and the economies. Interethnic tensions have taken place, especially in 1990 and 2010, while attempts and programs are now under way to keep the region peaceful.