In the northern part of Turkmenistan, Dashoguz is situated. The region of Dashoguz is the city of Keneurgench, the seat of ancient Khoresm – one of Central Asia’s greatest medieval empires. Since 995, when Gurgandzh was the capital and the second largest and most important of Horezmshakh state, after Bukhara – the Samani diamond crown, this town retained the stunning monuments of architecture – it Arslan and Tekka’s Khorezmshakh mausoleum from the 12th century.Tyurabek-khanym with a mosaic panel inside the dome, regarded as a masterpiece of Oriental art, has no an analogy in all Medieval architecture and is the most impressive of central Asian 60-meter Kutlug-Timur, are especially important 14thcentury monuments in Keneurgench. In Devkesen, Shasenem, Zmukshir, Keneva and many other glorious ancient fortification settlements.
The ancient town of Kunya-Urgench is situated approximately 100 kilometers from Dashoguz (480 km from Ashgabat) (Old Urgench). Today this old village is an ancient and cultural state reserve occupying about 640 hectares (created in 1985).
In the past of Central Asia, the name of the city Urgench is indicated with gold characters. The capital of the large and flourishing state of Khorezmshakh, which occupied the whole Amu Darya Delta region of northern Turkmenistan and western Uzbekistan, was at the end of the tenth century, Urgench (formerly Gurgandzh).
Crossing two of the main caravan routes: east, to China, and south – northwest, to Volga, Kunya – urgenh was situated in a very favorable geographical position. The city’s growth rate was naturally affected by such a situation, and it expanded rapidly and became a real center of society. Gurgandzh became so well-known at the beginning of the 11th century that it dominated the glory of Bukhara. There flocked poets and scientists who glorified the city as the “the capital of thousand wise men” She lived and worked for the ingenious scholar, doctor and philosopher Abu Ali ibn Sina (Avicenna), and the great encyclopedist Abu Reikhan Berunyi.
Gurgandzh was a heart of the “the Islamic World” in the 13th century before Genghis Khan was rebelled by his governor. The prominent town was totally ruined, razed to the ground by the Mongols. This has contributed to a major tragedy in contemporary Kunya – Urgench. Many of the Kunya-Urgench historical buildings were maintained during the Khoresmhakh dynasty. They can be exemplified by the richness of Central Asian Islamic architecture. Various architectural styles, unusual dome structures, immense color purity – they all give you admiration.
During the reign of Kutlug Timur and his wife Tyurabek-khanym, Urgench entered its particular flower. The most majestic architectural monuments of Urgench were built during this period.
The first of them is a gem of Khoresm – Tyurabek-mausoleum khanym’s and Kutlug-minaret. Timur’s The old fortified towns such as Devkesen, Shasenem, Zmukshir, Keneva and many others are magnificent.
Kunya-Urgench is a worldwide exclusive location. There is no doubt about the magnitude and significance of the landmarks. In the UNESCO world heritage list the city’s architectural masterpieces have been joined.