Mary is Turkmenistan’s third biggest city. In the center of the Kara Kum Desert, it is situated in a large oasis. Mary was established 30 kilometers from ancient Merv as a Russian military administrative center in 1884. (by the way until 1937 Mary was called Merv).
It is also a major cotton industry hub, a major shipping point and a major gas industry base, which is the primary source of revenues for Turkmenistan’s treasury. The History Museum, which includes a rich collection of artifacts, Turkmen carpets, national costumes and silver, is the city’s most fascinating sites.
The historical architectural zone “Bairamali” which is preserved by the state, is created by several sites of the old settlement that were to be the capitals of old Merv during various millennia.
It is kala (11th century B.C.), Kala (15,500), Kala (15th), Kala (3rd century B.C.), Sultan-kala (9th – 12th century B.C.)), Abdullakhan (23th centuries B.C. (18th century). Sultan Sandzhar Mausoleum is the most significant monument (1118-1157).