City of four channels
Turkmenabat is the city’s second largest population center in the eastern part of Turkmenistan and the second largest city. It is on the banks of the river Amu Darya. Long ago, Chardzhui (the four channels) was a Bukhara fortress known as Chardzhui. It was the guard against the assaults of nomadic groups on the Amu Darya crossing. It first developed into a military and then a civilian city in 1886, when the Trans-Caspian Railway entered the fortress. The railway bridge across the river was built in 1901. In 1940 in a new transcript – Chardzhou – the name of the city was revised. Chardzhou was reconstructed Turkmenabat in 1999 (“created by Turkmen”).
Kugitang Reserve is the primary site of significance in the region (to the southeast of the city). The mountain remains unaffected by civilisation, with an abundance of unique animal and plant species of protogenic nature. Here you can see Boya-Dag lunar scenery, the Dinosaur Plateau, with imprints of prehistorical pangolins. You’ll find ancient caravansiers and mausoleums in Alamberdar and Astana-baba that still stand as pilgrimage site for many believers if you visit the Atamurat museum area. Astana-baba
The Ancient Settlement of Amul’ ( the 10th – 11th centuries)
The ruins in the ancient settlement of Amul’ used to be the fortress of Amul’s ruler. It is located near the entrance to Turkmenabat about 10 km from the city center. In the 10th century the ancient settlement was a pise -walled fortress surrounded by a wide moat filled with water. Each side had a gate which looked at the four winds. They w ere safeguarded by warriors ( sarabazs ) day and night.
The Mausoleum of Allamberdar
The Mausoleum of Allamberadar ( Almutasir) is an 11th-century monument of architecture. The building of the mausoleum is largest among the existing early structures of Northern Khurasan.
The Mausoleum of Astana-baba
The mausoleum is a part of the memorial complex consisting of a mosque and a tomb. As a matter of fact they are several buildings constructed it various periods.
Caravanserai Dayakhatyn ( the 11th century)
The largest caravan serai Dayakhatyn ( Bai-Khatyn ) is a n 11th-12th-century monument of architecture. It stood on the medieval road from Amul’ ( Turkmenabat) to Khoresm.