Turkmenistan Travel FAQ
Visa and Registration
A Turkmenistan tourist visa is required for all foreign nationals. To obtain a visa, a licensed tourist visa agency must provide you with a letter of support or invitation (LOI). The LOI is arranged in 2-3 weeks. We will send a copy of the document to you as soon as LOI has been approved. The LOI allows visas to the Embassy or Consulate of Turkmenistan abroad and to be obtained directly at Turkmen lands in Farab, Shavat (Chiva, Uzbekistan), Choyyli (Nukus, Uzbekistan) and Gaudan (Bajgiran, Mashhad, Iran), and Bekdash (Aktau, Kazakhstan). Visa should not come from the Serakhs (Iran), Serhetabat (Afghan), Turkmenbashi land boundaries (the Caspian Sea Port).
Yes, you can get Turkmenistan visa at Ashgabat International Airport upon arrival. You will be required to show an approved letter of invitation.
Tourist visa holders are to be registered within 72 business hours of arrival in Turkmenistan at the State Tourist Registration Office (business visa holders are registered with the State Migration Service). Our tour packages include registration service; in order to take over the registration process, we will need your passport at the start and return it after 12 hours of registration.
The climate is sharp continental in Turkmenistan. The average temperature during the summer is between +30-32°C while in the winter the temperature drops to -5°C. Daytime temperature changes considerably over the year: The average annual precipitation in deserts varies between 80mm and 400mm in the mountains. Simultaneously hot winds and dust storms are frequent in the plains. The most frequented time is generally spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October).
There is no limitation in amount of money to bring into Turkmenistan.
You can exchange USD for Turkmen manats at banks and exchange offices in major hotels, trade centers, airports and railway stations. It is recommended to bring in the country banknotes issued in or after 1996.
Usually five-star hotels accept credit cards. Only in Ashgabat you can use MasterCard, AMEX or Visa Cards to cash US dollars.
Drinking tap water is not recommended but boiled water is safe to use. Bottled water can be bought throughout the country.
Vegetarians have to order specially prepared food, as there is usually no vegetarian food available. There is a wide range of fresh vegetables and fruits in local markets.
You can find free Wi-Fi at 4 and 5 star hotels.
The voltage is 220 V. In order to use 110/120-Voltage devices in places where there is only a 220/240V power you need to use step-down voltage converter or a combination converter.
Generally, there are no strict limitations on clothing. While visiting religious places, mosques, mausoleums, for men it is better to avoid wearing shorts, for ladies it is advised to cover shoulders, chest and, preferably, to wear a hat or a headscarf.
Turkmenistan national currency is Turkmen manat. It was introduced on November 1, 1993. In 2009 there was held denomination of the national currency, replacing old manat on a ratio of 5000 old manats=1 new manat. All old notes and coins had the image of the former president Saparmurat Niyazov. On new bills you will find images of prominent Turkmen people and architectural monuments. Banknotes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 manats. One manat is equal to 100 tenge.
National language is Turkmen. Russian is widely used as a second language. While the post-independence generation is increasingly speaking other foreign languages such as English, French and Turkish, you will still find it rewarding to travel and communicate with the assistance of a translator/guide.
Turkmenistan airlines operate regular air connections from Ashgabat to five other major Turkmenistan cities (Turkmenabat, Mary, Dashoguz, Turkmenbashi, and Balkanabad). Electronic air tickets can be purchased in advance, 14 days prior to the flight date.